Today we hear the term carbon foot print more often, especially in the western developed countries and modern organizations. So, what exactly carbon foot print is? It’s the total amount of greenhouse gases (GHG) emitted by an organization, event, product or person. If we take a day and night cricket match for an instance, the crowed shown up, transportation they used and the powering the lights of the stadium, etc will be taken into account in measuring the carbon footprint.
The main GHGs are Carbon dioxide, Methane, Nitrous oxide, Tropospheric Ozone (O3), CFC-12, HCFC-22 and Sulfur Hexaflouride. Because of these gases and water vapor, the heat is absorbed to the Earth, creating a suitable environment to all the living beings that we know of. But if the GHGs are increased excessively, the temperature of the planet will rise out of control, initiating various problems like rising sea level, more droughts, irregular whether pattern, etc.
Therefore, controlling the carbon foot print is very important as individuals and organizations. As responsible individuals, we can make choices which would leave a relatively lesser carbon footprint. For an instance we can chose to use public transportation instead of a private car. Or in selecting a car, we can choose a hybrid or an electric car which would produce far less amount GHGs. A normal hybrid car would produce 92 g/km CO2, while a petrol passenger car would produce over 125 g/km CO2.
Many of the modern organizations have already concerned about this and taken initiatives to reduce their GHGs emissions. Using energy efficient equipments, introducing policies to and encourage employees to turn off the equipments before they leave the office, moving away from paper based transactions to digital transactions, using solar powered equipment, using laptop computers instead of desktop computers, etc. Not only these will lead to a decreased carbon footprint, but they will also increase the profitability as they would reduce energy bills.